## 2018年11月20日火曜日

### 数学 - Python - JavaScript - 解析学 - 積分 - 積分の応用 - 極座標による面積(三角関数(余弦)、累乗、定積分)

1. $\begin{array}{}\int \frac{1}{2}·{\left(2a\mathrm{cos}\theta \right)}^{2}d\theta \\ =\frac{1}{2}\int 4{a}^{2}{\mathrm{cos}}^{2}\theta d\theta \\ =2{a}^{2}\left(\mathrm{cos}\theta \mathrm{sin}\theta +\frac{1}{2}\int 1d\theta \right)\\ =2{a}^{2}\left(\mathrm{cos}\theta \mathrm{sin}\theta +\frac{1}{2}\theta \right)\end{array}$

よって、 求める曲線で囲まれる図形の面積は、

$\begin{array}{}2{a}^{2}{\left[\mathrm{cos}\theta \mathrm{sin}\theta +\frac{1}{2}\theta \right]}_{\frac{\pi }{2}}^{\frac{3}{2}\pi }\\ ={a}^{2}\left(\frac{3}{2}\pi -\frac{1}{2}\pi \right)\\ =\pi {a}^{2}\end{array}$

コード(Emacs)

Python 3

#!/usr/bin/env python3
from sympy import pprint, symbols, Integral, cos, pi, sqrt, Rational
from sympy import solve

print('3.')
θ = symbols('θ')
a = symbols('a', positive=True)
f = 2 * a * cos(θ)
I = Integral(Rational(1, 2) * f ** 2, (θ, pi / 2, 3 * pi / 2))

for t in [I, I.doit()]:
pprint(t.simplify())
print()

$./sample3.py 3. 3⋅π ─── 2 ⌠ ⎮ 2 2 ⎮ 2⋅a ⋅cos (θ) dθ ⌡ π ─ 2 2 π⋅a$

HTML5

<div id="graph0"></div>
<pre id="output0"></pre>
<label for="r0">r = </label>
<input id="r0" type="number" min="0" value="1">
<label for="dx">dx = </label>
<input id="dx" type="number" min="0" step="0.001" value="0.001">
<br>
<label for="x1">x1 = </label>
<input id="x1" type="number" value="-10">
<label for="x2">x2 = </label>
<input id="x2" type="number" value="10">
<br>
<label for="y1">y1 = </label>
<input id="y1" type="number" value="-10">
<label for="y2">y2 = </label>
<input id="y2" type="number" value="10">

<button id="draw0">draw</button>
<button id="clear0">clear</button>

<script type="text/javascript" src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/d3/4.2.6/d3.min.js" integrity="sha256-5idA201uSwHAROtCops7codXJ0vja+6wbBrZdQ6ETQc=" crossorigin="anonymous"></script>

<script src="sample3.js"></script>

JavaScript

let div0 = document.querySelector('#graph0'),
pre0 = document.querySelector('#output0'),
width = 600,
height = 600,
btn0 = document.querySelector('#draw0'),
btn1 = document.querySelector('#clear0'),
input_r = document.querySelector('#r0'),
input_dx = document.querySelector('#dx'),
input_x1 = document.querySelector('#x1'),
input_x2 = document.querySelector('#x2'),
input_y1 = document.querySelector('#y1'),
input_y2 = document.querySelector('#y2'),
inputs = [input_r, input_dx, input_x1, input_x2, input_y1, input_y2],
p = (x) => pre0.textContent += x + '\n';

let a = 3,
fr = theta => 2 * a * Math.cos(theta),
fx = theta => fr(theta) * Math.cos(theta),
fy = theta => fr(theta) * Math.sin(theta),
fns = [];

let draw = () => {
pre0.textContent = '';

let r = parseFloat(input_r.value),
dx = parseFloat(input_dx.value),
x1 = parseFloat(input_x1.value),
x2 = parseFloat(input_x2.value),
y1 = parseFloat(input_y1.value),
y2 = parseFloat(input_y2.value);

if (r === 0 || dx === 0 || x1 > x2 || y1 > y2) {
return;
}

let points = [],
lines = [];

for (let theta = Math.PI / 2; theta < 3 / 2 * Math.PI; theta += dx) {
points.push([fx(theta), fy(theta), 'green']);
}

fns
.forEach((o) => {
let [f, color] = o;
for (let x = x1; x <= x2; x += dx) {
let y = f(x);

points.push([x, y, color]);
}
});

let xscale = d3.scaleLinear()
.domain([x1, x2])
let yscale = d3.scaleLinear()
.domain([y1, y2])

let xaxis = d3.axisBottom().scale(xscale);
let yaxis = d3.axisLeft().scale(yscale);
div0.innerHTML = '';
let svg = d3.select('#graph0')
.append('svg')
.attr('width', width)
.attr('height', height);

svg.selectAll('line')
.data([[x1, 0, x2, 0], [0, y1, 0, y2]].concat(lines))
.enter()
.append('line')
.attr('x1', (d) => xscale(d[0]))
.attr('y1', (d) => yscale(d[1]))
.attr('x2', (d) => xscale(d[2]))
.attr('y2', (d) => yscale(d[3]))
.attr('stroke', (d) => d[4] || 'black');

svg.selectAll('circle')
.data(points)
.enter()
.append('circle')
.attr('cx', (d) => xscale(d[0]))
.attr('cy', (d) => yscale(d[1]))
.attr('r', r)
.attr('fill', (d) => d[2] || 'green');

svg.append('g')
.attr('transform', translate(0, ${height - padding})) .call(xaxis); svg.append('g') .attr('transform', translate(${padding}, 0))
.call(yaxis);

[fns].forEach((fs) => p(fs.join('\n')));
};

inputs.forEach((input) => input.onchange = draw);
btn0.onclick = draw;
btn1.onclick = () => pre0.textContent = '';
draw();