2018年1月12日金曜日

学習環境

ラング線形代数学(上)(S.ラング (著)、芹沢 正三 (翻訳)、ちくま学芸文庫)の4章(線形写像)、1(写像)、練習問題12.を取り組んでみる。


  1. u = x 3 v = y 4 x = 3 u y = 4 v 9 u 2 9 + 16 v 2 16 = 1 u 2 + v 2 = 1
    u = x 3 v = y 4 x 2 9 + y 2 16 = 1

    よって楕円の F による像は、

    x 2 + y 2 = 1

コード(Emacs)

Python 3

#!/usr/bin/env python3
from sympy import pprint, symbols, Matrix, exp, sin, cos, solve

x, y = symbols('x, y')
eq = x ** 2 / 9 + y ** 2 / 16 - 1
s = solve(eq, y)
pprint(s)

入出力結果(Terminal, Jupyter(IPython))

$ ./sample12.py
⎡    ___________ ⎤
⎢   ╱    2       ⎥
⎢-╲╱  - y  + 16  ⎥
⎢────────────────⎥
⎢       4        ⎥
⎢                ⎥
⎢       y        ⎥
⎢       ─        ⎥
⎣       4        ⎦

⎡   ___________⎤
⎢  ╱    2      ⎥
⎢╲╱  - y  + 16 ⎥
⎢──────────────⎥
⎢      4       ⎥
⎢              ⎥
⎢      y       ⎥
⎢      ─       ⎥
⎣      4       ⎦

$

HTML5

<div id="graph0"></div>
<pre id="output0"></pre>
<label for="r0">r = </label>
<input id="r0" type="number" min="0" value="0.5">
<label for="dx">dx = </label>
<input id="dx" type="number" min="0" step="0.001" value="0.005">
<br>
<label for="x1">x1 = </label>
<input id="x1" type="number" value="-5">
<label for="x2">x2 = </label>
<input id="x2" type="number" value="5">
<br>
<label for="y1">y1 = </label>
<input id="y1" type="number" value="-5">
<label for="y2">y2 = </label>
<input id="y2" type="number" value="5">

<label for="c0">x = </label>
<input id="c0" type="number" step="0.1" value="1">

<button id="draw0">draw</button>
<button id="clear0">clear</button>

<script type="text/javascript" src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/d3/4.2.6/d3.min.js" integrity="sha256-5idA201uSwHAROtCops7codXJ0vja+6wbBrZdQ6ETQc=" crossorigin="anonymous"></script>

<script src="sample12.js"></script>

JavaScript

let div0 = document.querySelector('#graph0'),
    pre0 = document.querySelector('#output0'),
    width = 600,
    height = 600,
    padding = 50,
    btn0 = document.querySelector('#draw0'),
    btn1 = document.querySelector('#clear0'),
    input_r = document.querySelector('#r0'),
    input_dx = document.querySelector('#dx'),
    input_x1 = document.querySelector('#x1'),
    input_x2 = document.querySelector('#x2'),
    input_y1 = document.querySelector('#y1'),
    input_y2 = document.querySelector('#y2'),
    input_c0 = document.querySelector('#c0'),    
    inputs = [input_r, input_dx, input_x1, input_x2, input_y1, input_y2,
              input_c0],
    p = (x) => pre0.textContent += x + '\n',
    range = (start, end, step=1) => {
        let res = [];
        for (let i = start; i < end; i += step) {
            res.push(i);
        }
        return res;
    };

let f = (x, y) => [x / 3, y / 4],
    fy1 = (x) => -4 * Math.sqrt(-(x ** 2) + 9) / 3,
    fy2 = (x) => -fy1(x);
                
let draw = () => {
    pre0.textContent = '';

    let r = parseFloat(input_r.value),
        dx = parseFloat(input_dx.value),
        x1 = parseFloat(input_x1.value),
        x2 = parseFloat(input_x2.value),
        y1 = parseFloat(input_y1.value),
        y2 = parseFloat(input_y2.value),
        c0 = parseFloat(input_c0.value);

    if (r === 0 || dx === 0 || x1 > x2 || y1 > y2) {
        return;
    }    

    let points = [],
        lines = [[-1, y1, -1, y2, 'red'],
                 [1,  y1, 1, y2, 'red'],
                 [x1, -1, x2, -1, 'red'],
                 [x1, 1, x2, 1, 'red'],
                 [3, y1, 3, y2, 'orange'],
                 [-3, y1, -3, y2, 'orange'],
                 [x1, -4, x2, -4, 'orange'],
                 [x1, 4, x2, 4, 'orange']];

    for (let x0 = x1; x0 <= x2; x0 += dx) {
        points.push([x0, fy1(x0), 'green']);
        points.push([x0, fy2(x0), 'green']);
        points.push(f(x0, fy1(x0)).concat(['blue']));
        points.push(f(x0, fy2(x0)).concat(['blue']));
    }
    
    let xscale = d3.scaleLinear()
        .domain([x1, x2])
        .range([padding, width - padding]);
    let yscale = d3.scaleLinear()
        .domain([y1, y2])
        .range([height - padding, padding]);

    let xaxis = d3.axisBottom().scale(xscale);
    let yaxis = d3.axisLeft().scale(yscale);
    div0.innerHTML = '';
    let svg = d3.select('#graph0')
        .append('svg')
        .attr('width', width)
        .attr('height', height);

    svg.selectAll('line')
        .data([[x1, 0, x2, 0], [0, y1, 0, y2]].concat(lines))
        .enter()
        .append('line')
        .attr('x1', (d) => xscale(d[0]))
        .attr('y1', (d) => yscale(d[1]))
        .attr('x2', (d) => xscale(d[2]))
        .attr('y2', (d) => yscale(d[3]))
        .attr('stroke', (d) => d[4] || 'black');

    svg.selectAll('circle')
        .data(points)
        .enter()
        .append('circle')
        .attr('cx', (d) => xscale(d[0]))
        .attr('cy', (d) => yscale(d[1]))
        .attr('r', r)
        .attr('fill', (d) => d[2] || 'green');

    svg.append('g')
        .attr('transform', `translate(0, ${height - padding})`)
        .call(xaxis);

    svg.append('g')
        .attr('transform', `translate(${padding}, 0)`)
        .call(yaxis);

};

inputs.forEach((input) => input.onchange = draw);
btn0.onclick = draw;
btn1.onclick = () => pre0.textContent = '';
draw();







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