2019年5月18日土曜日

開発環境

The Ray Tracer Challenge: A Test-Driven Guide to Your First 3D Renderer (Jamis Buck(著)、Pragmatic Bookshelf)、Chapter 10(Patterns)のPut It Together(138)、Nested patternsを取り組んでみる。

コード

Python 3

patterns_test.py

#!//usr/bin/env python3
from unittest import TestCase, main
from patterns import Pattern, Solid, Stripe, Gradient, Ring, Checkers
from tuples import Point, Color
from spheres import Sphere
from transformations import scaling, translation
from matrices import IDENTITY_MATRIX


class PatternTest(TestCase):
    def setUp(self):
        self.pattern = Pattern()

    def tearDown(self):
        pass

    def test_transformation(self):
        self.assertEqual(self.pattern.transform, IDENTITY_MATRIX)

    def test_assign_transformation(self):
        self.pattern.transform = translation(1, 2, 3)
        self.assertEqual(self.pattern.transform,  translation(1, 2, 3))

    def test_with_obj_transformation(self):
        shape = Sphere(scaling(2, 2, 2))
        c = self.pattern.at_shape(shape, Point(2, 3, 4))
        self.assertEqual(c, Color(1, 1.5, 2))

    def test_with_pattern_transformation(self):
        shape = Sphere()
        self.pattern.transform = scaling(2, 2, 2)
        c = self.pattern.at_shape(shape, Point(2, 3, 4))
        self.assertEqual(c, Color(1, 1.5, 2))


class StripeTest(TestCase):
    def setUp(self):
        self.black = Color(0, 0, 0)
        self.white = Color(1, 1, 1)
        self.solid_black = Solid(self.black)
        self.solid_white = Solid(self.white)

    def tearDown(self):
        pass

    def test_stripe(self):
        pattern = Stripe(self.solid_white, self.solid_black)
        for a, b in [(pattern.a, self.solid_white),
                     (pattern.b, self.solid_black)]:
            self.assertEqual(a, b)

    def test_constant_y(self):
        pattern = Stripe(self.solid_white, self.solid_black)
        for point in [Point(0, 0, 0),
                      Point(0, 1, 0),
                      Point(0, 2, 0)]:
            self.assertEqual(pattern.at(point), self.white)

    def test_constant_z(self):
        pattern = Stripe(self.solid_white, self.solid_black)
        for point in [Point(0, 0, 0),
                      Point(0, 0, 1),
                      Point(0, 0, 2)]:
            self.assertEqual(pattern.at(point), self.white)

    def test_alternates_x(self):
        pattern = Stripe(self.solid_white, self.solid_black)
        for xyz, color in [((0, 0, 0), self.white),
                           ((0.9, 0, 0), self.white),
                           ((1, 0, 0), self.black),
                           ((-0.1, 0, 0), self.black),
                           ((-1, 0, 0), self.black),
                           ((-1.1, 0, 0), self.white)]:
            self.assertEqual(pattern.at(Point(*xyz)), color)

    def test_with_obj_transformation(self):
        obj = Sphere(transform=scaling(2, 2, 2))
        pattern = Stripe(self.solid_white, self.solid_black)
        self.assertEqual(pattern.at_shape(obj, Point(1.5, 0, 0)),
                         self.white)

    def test_with_pattern_transformation(self):
        obj = Sphere()
        pattern = Stripe(self.solid_white, self.solid_black,
                         transform=scaling(2, 2, 2))
        self.assertEqual(pattern.at_shape(obj, Point(1.5, 0, 0)),
                         self.white)

    def test_with_both_obj_pattern_transformation(self):
        obj = Sphere(scaling(2, 2, 2))
        pattern = Stripe(self.solid_white, self.solid_black,
                         translation(0.5, 0, 0))
        self.assertEqual(pattern.at_shape(obj, Point(2.5, 0, 0)),
                         self.white)


class GradientTest(TestCase):
    def setUp(self):
        pass

    def tearDown(self):
        pass

    def test_linearly_interpolates_between_colors(self):
        pattern = Gradient(Solid(Color(1, 1, 1)), Solid(Color(0, 0, 0)))
        for point_xyz, color_xyz in [((0, 0, 0), (1, 1, 1)),
                                     ((0.25, 0, 0), (0.75, 0.75, 0.75)),
                                     ((0.5, 0, 0), (0.5, 0.5, 0.5)),
                                     ((0.75, 0, 0), (0.25, 0.25, 0.25))]:
            self.assertEqual(pattern.at(Point(*point_xyz)),
                             Color(*color_xyz))


class RingTest(TestCase):
    def setUp(self):
        pass

    def tearDown(self):
        pass

    def test(self):
        ring = Ring(Solid(Color(1, 1, 1)), Solid(Color(0, 0, 0)))
        for point, color in [((0, 0, 0), (1, 1, 1)),
                             ((1, 0, 0), (0, 0, 0)),
                             ((0, 0, 1), (0, 0, 0)),
                             ((0.708, 0, 0.708), (0, 0, 0))]:
            self.assertEqual(ring.at(Point(*point)), Color(*color))


class CheckersTest(TestCase):
    def setUp(self):
        self.white = Color(1, 1, 1)
        self.black = Color(0, 0,  0)
        self.solid_white = Solid(self.white)
        self.solid_black = Solid(self.black)

    def tearDown(self):
        pass

    def test_repeate_x(self):
        checkers = Checkers(self.solid_white, self.solid_black)
        for point, color in [((0, 0, 0), self.white),
                             ((0.99, 0, 0), self.white),
                             ((1.01, 0, 0), self.black)]:
            self.assertEqual(checkers.at(Point(*point)), color)

    def test_repeate_y(self):
        checkers = Checkers(self.solid_white, self.solid_black)
        for point, color in [((0, 0, 0), self.white),
                             ((0, 0.99, 0), self.white),
                             ((0, 1.01, 0), self.black)]:
            self.assertEqual(checkers.at(Point(*point)), color)

    def test_repeate_z(self):
        checkers = Checkers(self.solid_white, self.solid_black)
        for point, color in [((0, 0, 0), self.white),
                             ((0, 0, 0.99), self.white),
                             ((0, 0, 1.01), self.black)]:
            self.assertEqual(checkers.at(Point(*point)), color)


if __name__ == '__main__':
    main()

patterns.py

import math
from matrices import IDENTITY_MATRIX
from tuples import is_equal, Color


class Pattern:
    def __init__(self, transform=IDENTITY_MATRIX):
        self.transform = transform

    def at(self, point):
        return Color(point.x, point.y, point.z)

    def at_shape(self, shape, world_point):
        obj_point = shape.transform.inverse() * world_point
        point = self.transform.inverse() * obj_point
        return self.at(point)


class Solid(Pattern):
    def __init__(self, color):
        super().__init__()
        self.color = color

    def at(self, point):
        return self.color


class Stripe(Pattern):
    def __init__(self, solid_color1, solid_color2, transform=IDENTITY_MATRIX):
        super().__init__(transform)
        self.a = solid_color1
        self.b = solid_color2

    def at(self, point):
        point = self.transform.inverse() * point
        if math.floor(point.x) % 2 == 0:
            return self.a.at(point)
        return self.b.at(point)


class Gradient(Pattern):
    def __init__(self, solid_color1, solid_color2, transform=IDENTITY_MATRIX):
        super().__init__(transform)
        self.a = solid_color1
        self.b = solid_color2

    def at(self, point):
        point = self.transform.inverse() * point
        distance = self.b.at(point) - self.a.at(point)
        fraction = point.x - math.floor(point.x)
        return self.a.at(point) + distance * fraction


class Ring(Pattern):
    def __init__(self, solid_color1, solid_color2, transform=IDENTITY_MATRIX):
        super().__init__(transform)
        self.a = solid_color1
        self.b = solid_color2

    def at(self, point):
        point = self.transform.inverse() * point
        if is_equal(math.floor(math.sqrt(point.x ** 2 + point.z ** 2)) % 2, 0):
            return self.a.at(point)
        return self.b.at(point)


class Checkers(Pattern):
    def __init__(self, solid_color1, solid_color2, transform=IDENTITY_MATRIX):
        super().__init__(transform)
        self.a = solid_color1
        self.b = solid_color2

    def at(self, point):
        point = self.transform.inverse() * point
        if is_equal(sum([math.floor(p)
                         for p in [point.x, point.y, point.z]]) % 2,
                    0):
            return self.a.at(point)
        return self.b.at(point)


class RadialGradient(Pattern):
    def __init__(self, solid_color1, solid_color2, transform=IDENTITY_MATRIX):
        super().__init__(transform)
        self.a = solid_color1
        self.b = solid_color2

    def at(self, point):
        color_distance = self.b - self.a
        distance = math.sqrt(point.x ** 2 + point.z ** 2)
        fraction = distance - math.floor(distance)
        return self.a + color_distance * fraction

sample2.py

#!/usr/bin/env python3
import math
import time
from tuples import Point, Vector, Color
from planes import Plane
from materials import Material
from patterns import Solid, Stripe, Checkers
from camera import Camera
from lights import Light
from world import World
from transformations import scaling, view_transform, rotation_x, rotation_y
print('ファイル名, rendering time(秒)')

width = 250
height = 125
stripe1 = Stripe(Solid(Color(1, 0, 0)), Solid(Color(0, 0, 0)),
                 transform=rotation_y(math.pi / 3) * scaling(0.2, 0.2, 0.2))
stripe2 = Stripe(Solid(Color(0, 0, 1)), Solid(Color(1, 1, 1)),
                 transform=rotation_y(-math.pi / 3) * scaling(0.2, 0.2, 0.2))
checkers = Checkers(stripe1, stripe2)
material = Material(specular=0, pattern=checkers)


plane = Plane(material=material)
camera = Camera(width, height, math.pi / 2,
                transform=view_transform(Point(0, 1.5, -5), Point(0, 1, 0),
                                         Vector(0, 1, 0)))
world = World([plane], Light(Point(-10, 10, -10), Color(1, 1, 1)))

start = time.time()
canvas = camera.render(world)
s = time.time() - start

with open(f'sample4.ppm', 'w') as f:
    canvas.to_ppm(f)

print(f'sample4.ppm,{s}')

入出力結果(cmd(コマンドプロンプト)、Terminal、Bash、Jupyter(IPython))

C:\Users\...>py materials_test.py
........
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Ran 8 tests in 0.003s

OK

C:\Users\...>py patterns_test.py
................
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Ran 16 tests in 0.007s

OK

C:\Users\...>

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