2018年12月15日土曜日

学習環境

解析入門 原書第3版 (S.ラング(著)、松坂 和夫(翻訳)、片山 孝次(翻訳)、岩波書店)の第3部(積分)、第13章(積分の応用)、4(仕事)の練習問題2.を取り組んでみる。


  1. 求める定数 k の値。

    f 2 = k sin 2 π 18 = k sin π 9 k sin π 9 = 10 k = 10 sin π 9

    16インチから12インチに縮めるときの仕事。

    18 - 16 18 - 12 10 sin π 9 · sin π 18 x dx = 10 sin π 9 2 6 sin π 18 x dx t = π 18 x dt dx = π 18 x = 6 , t = π 3 x = 2 , t = π 9 π 9 π 3 sin t · 18 π dt = 18 π cos π 9 - cos π 3 10 sin π 9 · 18 π cos π 9 - cos π 3 = 180 π 1 tan π 9 - cos π 3 sin π 9

コード(Emacs)

Python 3

#!/usr/bin/env python3
from sympy import pprint, symbols, Integral, sin, pi, cos, tan, Rational
from sympy import cot, csc, plot

print('2.')

x = symbols('x')
f = 10 / sin(pi / 9) * sin(pi / 18 * x)
I = Integral(f, (x, 2, 6))

for t in [I, I.doit()]:
    pprint(t)
    print()


pprint((I.doit() -
        180 / pi * (1 / tan(pi / 9) - cos(pi / 3) / sin(pi / 9))).simplify())

pprint((I.doit() -
        180 / pi * (cot(pi / 9) - Rational(1, 2) * csc(pi / 9))).simplify())

p = plot(f, legend=True, show=False)
p.save('sample2.png')

入出力結果(Terminal, Jupyter(IPython))

$ ./sample2.py
2.
6               
⌠               
⎮       ⎛π⋅x⎞   
⎮ 10⋅sin⎜───⎟   
⎮       ⎝ 18⎠   
⎮ ─────────── dx
⎮       ⎛π⎞     
⎮    sin⎜─⎟     
⎮       ⎝9⎠     
⌡               
2               

                    ⎛π⎞
             180⋅cos⎜─⎟
     90             ⎝9⎠
- ──────── + ──────────
       ⎛π⎞         ⎛π⎞ 
  π⋅sin⎜─⎟    π⋅sin⎜─⎟ 
       ⎝9⎠         ⎝9⎠ 

0
0
$

HTML5

<div id="graph0"></div>
<pre id="output0"></pre>
<label for="r0">r = </label>
<input id="r0" type="number" min="0" value="1">
<label for="dx">dx = </label>
<input id="dx" type="number" min="0" step="0.001" value="0.005">
<br>
<label for="x1">x1 = </label>
<input id="x1" type="number" value="-30">
<label for="x2">x2 = </label>
 <input id="x2" type="number" value="30">
<br>
<label for="y1">y1 = </label>
<input id="y1" type="number" value="-30">
<label for="y2">y2 = </label>
<input id="y2" type="number" value="30">

<button id="draw0">draw</button>
<button id="clear0">clear</button>

<script type="text/javascript" src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/d3/4.2.6/d3.min.js" integrity="sha256-5idA201uSwHAROtCops7codXJ0vja+6wbBrZdQ6ETQc=" crossorigin="anonymous"></script>

<script src="sample2.js"></script>

JavaScript

let div0 = document.querySelector('#graph0'),
    pre0 = document.querySelector('#output0'),
    width = 600,
    height = 600,
    padding = 50,
    btn0 = document.querySelector('#draw0'),
    btn1 = document.querySelector('#clear0'),
    input_r = document.querySelector('#r0'),
    input_dx = document.querySelector('#dx'),
    input_x1 = document.querySelector('#x1'),
    input_x2 = document.querySelector('#x2'),
    input_y1 = document.querySelector('#y1'),
    input_y2 = document.querySelector('#y2'),
    inputs = [input_r, input_dx, input_x1, input_x2, input_y1, input_y2],
    p = (x) => pre0.textContent += x + '\n';

let fns = [[x => 10 / Math.sin(Math.PI / 9) * Math.sin(Math.PI / 18 * x),
            'red']];

let draw = () => {
    pre0.textContent = '';

    let r = parseFloat(input_r.value),
        dx = parseFloat(input_dx.value),
        x1 = parseFloat(input_x1.value),
        x2 = parseFloat(input_x2.value),
        y1 = parseFloat(input_y1.value),
        y2 = parseFloat(input_y2.value);

    if (r === 0 || dx === 0 || x1 > x2 || y1 > y2) {
        return;
    }    
    
    let points = [],
        lines = [[2, y1, 2, y2, 'green'],
                 [6, y1, 6, y2, 'brown']];

    fns
        .forEach((o) => {
            let [f, color] = o;
            for (let x = x1; x <= x2; x += dx) {
                let y = f(x);

                points.push([x, y, color]);
            }
        });
    
    let xscale = d3.scaleLinear()
        .domain([x1, x2])
        .range([padding, width - padding]);
    let yscale = d3.scaleLinear()
        .domain([y1, y2])
        .range([height - padding, padding]);

    let xaxis = d3.axisBottom().scale(xscale);
    let yaxis = d3.axisLeft().scale(yscale);
    div0.innerHTML = '';
    let svg = d3.select('#graph0')
        .append('svg')
        .attr('width', width)
        .attr('height', height);

    svg.selectAll('line')
        .data([[x1, 0, x2, 0], [0, y1, 0, y2]].concat(lines))
        .enter()
        .append('line')
        .attr('x1', (d) => xscale(d[0]))
        .attr('y1', (d) => yscale(d[1]))
        .attr('x2', (d) => xscale(d[2]))
        .attr('y2', (d) => yscale(d[3]))
        .attr('stroke', (d) => d[4] || 'black');

    svg.selectAll('circle')
        .data(points)
        .enter()
        .append('circle')
        .attr('cx', (d) => xscale(d[0]))
        .attr('cy', (d) => yscale(d[1]))
        .attr('r', r)
        .attr('fill', (d) => d[2] || 'green');

    svg.append('g')
        .attr('transform', `translate(0, ${height - padding})`)
        .call(xaxis);

    svg.append('g')
        .attr('transform', `translate(${padding}, 0)`)
        .call(yaxis);

    [fns].forEach((fs) => p(fs.join('\n')));
};

inputs.forEach((input) => input.onchange = draw);
btn0.onclick = draw;
btn1.onclick = () => pre0.textContent = '';
draw();







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