## 2018年6月12日火曜日

### 数学 - Python - JavaScript - エピローグ - 落ち穂拾い、など – 確率分布と平均 - 確率変数の平均または期待値(2つのサイコロ、大きい方の目)

1. $\begin{array}{}E\left(X\right)=6·\frac{11}{36}+5·\frac{9}{36}+4·\frac{7}{36}+3·\frac{5}{36}+2·\frac{3}{36}+1·\frac{1}{36}\\ =\frac{1}{36}\left(66+45+28+15+6+1\right)\\ =\frac{161}{36}\end{array}$

コード(Emacs)

Python 3

#!/usr/bin/env python3
from sympy import pprint, Rational
import random

nums = range(1, 7)

t = 0
for a in nums:
for b in nums:
if a >= b:
t += a * Rational(1, 36)
else:
t += b * Rational(1, 36)

print(t)
print(float(t))

for i in range(2, 7):
print(f'回数: {10 ** i}')
t = 0
for _ in range(10 ** i):
a = random.randrange(1, 7)
b = random.randrange(1, 7)
if a >= b:
t += a
else:
t += b
print(t / 10 ** i)


$./sample4.py 161/36 4.472222222222222 回数: 100 4.73 回数: 1000 4.522 回数: 10000 4.4801 回数: 100000 4.45884 回数: 1000000 4.472671$


HTML5

<div id="graph0"></div>
<pre id="output0"></pre>
<label for="r0">r = </label>
<input id="r0" type="number" min="0" value="1">
<label for="dx">dx = </label>
<input id="dx" type="number" min="0" step="0.001" value="1">
<br>
<label for="x1">x1 = </label>
<input id="x1" type="number" value="1">
<label for="x2">x2 = </label>
<input id="x2" type="number" value="1000">
<br>
<label for="y1">y1 = </label>
<input id="y1" type="number" value="1">
<label for="y2">y2 = </label>
<input id="y2" type="number" value="6">

<button id="draw0">draw</button>
<button id="clear0">clear</button>

<script type="text/javascript" src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/d3/4.2.6/d3.min.js" integrity="sha256-5idA201uSwHAROtCops7codXJ0vja+6wbBrZdQ6ETQc=" crossorigin="anonymous"></script>

<script src="sample4.js"></script>


JavaScript

let div0 = document.querySelector('#graph0'),
pre0 = document.querySelector('#output0'),
width = 600,
height = 600,
btn0 = document.querySelector('#draw0'),
btn1 = document.querySelector('#clear0'),
input_r = document.querySelector('#r0'),
input_dx = document.querySelector('#dx'),
input_x1 = document.querySelector('#x1'),
input_x2 = document.querySelector('#x2'),
input_y1 = document.querySelector('#y1'),
input_y2 = document.querySelector('#y2'),
inputs = [input_r, input_dx, input_x1, input_x2, input_y1, input_y2],
p = (x) => pre0.textContent += x + '\n';

let f = (x) => {
let t = 0;
for (let i = 1; i <= x; i += 1) {
let a = 1 + Math.floor(Math.random() * 6),
b = 1 + Math.floor(Math.random() * 6);

t += a >= b ? a : b;
}
return t / x;
};

let draw = () => {
pre0.textContent = '';

let r = parseFloat(input_r.value),
dx = parseFloat(input_dx.value),
x1 = parseFloat(input_x1.value),
x2 = parseFloat(input_x2.value),
y1 = parseFloat(input_y1.value),
y2 = parseFloat(input_y2.value);

if (r === 0 || dx === 0 || x1 > x2 || y1 > y2) {
return;
}

let points = [],
lines = [[x1, 161/36, x2, 161/36, 'red']],
fns = [[f, 'green']];

fns
.forEach((o) => {
let [f, color] = o;
for (let x = x1; x <= x2; x += dx) {
let y = f(x);

points.push([x, y, color]);
}
});

let xscale = d3.scaleLinear()
.domain([x1, x2])
let yscale = d3.scaleLinear()
.domain([y1, y2])

let xaxis = d3.axisBottom().scale(xscale);
let yaxis = d3.axisLeft().scale(yscale);
div0.innerHTML = '';
let svg = d3.select('#graph0')
.append('svg')
.attr('width', width)
.attr('height', height);

svg.selectAll('line')
.data([[x1, 0, x2, 0], [0, y1, 0, y2]].concat(lines))
.enter()
.append('line')
.attr('x1', (d) => xscale(d[0]))
.attr('y1', (d) => yscale(d[1]))
.attr('x2', (d) => xscale(d[2]))
.attr('y2', (d) => yscale(d[3]))
.attr('stroke', (d) => d[4] || 'black');

svg.selectAll('circle')
.data(points)
.enter()
.append('circle')
.attr('cx', (d) => xscale(d[0]))
.attr('cy', (d) => yscale(d[1]))
.attr('r', r)
.attr('fill', (d) => d[2] || 'green');

svg.append('g')
.attr('transform', translate(0, ${height - padding})) .call(xaxis); svg.append('g') .attr('transform', translate(${padding}, 0))
.call(yaxis);

[fns].forEach((fs) => p(fs.join('\n')));
};

inputs.forEach((input) => input.onchange = draw);
btn0.onclick = draw;
btn1.onclick = () => pre0.textContent = '';
draw();