## 2017年11月5日日曜日

### 数学 - Python - JavaScript - 線形代数学 - ベクトル空間 – 基底(実関数のなすベクトル空間、逆数、指数関数、対数関数、関数の対、1次独立、微分)

ラング線形代数学(上)(S.ラング (著)、芹沢 正三 (翻訳)、ちくま学芸文庫)の2章(ベクトル空間)、3(基底)、練習問題6.を取り組んでみる。

1. $\begin{array}{l}at+b\frac{1}{t}=0\\ a+b\frac{-1}{{t}^{2}}=0\\ b\frac{2t}{{t}^{4}}=0\\ b\frac{2}{{t}^{3}}=0\\ b=0\\ a=0\end{array}$

2. $\begin{array}{l}a{e}^{t}+b\mathrm{log}t=0\\ a{e}^{t}+\frac{b}{t}=0\\ at{e}^{t}+b=0\\ a{e}^{t}+at{e}^{t}=0\\ a=0,at=0\\ a=0\\ b\mathrm{log}t=0\\ b=0\end{array}$

コード(Emacs)

Python 3

#!/usr/bin/env python3
from sympy import pprint, symbols, exp, log, solve, plot

print('6.')
t = symbols('t', real=True)
a, b = symbols('a b')

ps = [(t, 1 / t),
(exp(t), log(t))]

for i, (f, g) in enumerate(ps):
c = chr(ord('a') + i)
print(f'({c})')
eq = a * f + b * g
pprint(solve(eq, (a, b)))
print()
p = plot(f, g, ylim=(-5, 5), show=False, legend=True)
for j, color in enumerate(['red', 'green']):
p[j].line_color = color
p.save(f'sample6_{c}.svg')


$./sample6.py 6. (a) {a: 0, b: 0} (b) ⎡⎧ -t ⎫⎤ ⎢⎨a: -b⋅ℯ ⋅log(t)⎬⎥ ⎣⎩ ⎭⎦$


HTML5

<div id="graph0"></div>
<pre id="output0"></pre>
<label for="r0">r = </label>
<input id="r0" type="number" min="0" value="0.5">
<label for="dx">dx = </label>
<input id="dx" type="number" min="0" step="0.0001" value="0.001">
<br>
<label for="x1">x1 = </label>
<input id="x1" type="number" value="-5">
<label for="x2">x2 = </label>
<input id="x2" type="number" value="5">
<br>
<label for="y1">y1 = </label>
<input id="y1" type="number" value="-5">
<label for="y2">y2 = </label>
<input id="y2" type="number" value="5">
<br>
<label for="a0">a = </label>
<input id="a0" type="number" value="2">
<label for="b0">b = </label>
<input id="b0" type="number" value="3">

<button id="draw0">draw</button>
<button id="clear0">clear</button>

<script type="text/javascript" src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/d3/4.2.6/d3.min.js" integrity="sha256-5idA201uSwHAROtCops7codXJ0vja+6wbBrZdQ6ETQc=" crossorigin="anonymous"></script>

<script src="sample6.js"></script>


JavaScript

let div0 = document.querySelector('#graph0'),
pre0 = document.querySelector('#output0'),
width = 600,
height = 600,
btn0 = document.querySelector('#draw0'),
btn1 = document.querySelector('#clear0'),
input_r = document.querySelector('#r0'),
input_dx = document.querySelector('#dx'),
input_x1 = document.querySelector('#x1'),
input_x2 = document.querySelector('#x2'),
input_y1 = document.querySelector('#y1'),
input_y2 = document.querySelector('#y2'),
input_a0 = document.querySelector('#a0'),
input_b0 = document.querySelector('#b0'),
inputs = [input_r, input_dx, input_x1, input_x2, input_y1, input_y2,
input_a0, input_b0],
p = (x) => pre0.textContent += x + '\n',
range = (start, end, step=1) => {
let res = [];
for (let i = start; i < end; i += step) {
res.push(i);
}
return res;
};

let f = (x) => Math.exp(x),
g = (x) => Math.log(x);

let draw = () => {
pre0.textContent = '';

let r = parseFloat(input_r.value),
dx = parseFloat(input_dx.value),
x1 = parseFloat(input_x1.value),
x2 = parseFloat(input_x2.value),
y1 = parseFloat(input_y1.value),
y2 = parseFloat(input_y2.value),
a0 = parseFloat(input_a0.value),
b0 = parseFloat(input_b0.value);

if (r === 0 || dx === 0 || x1 > x2 || y1 > y2) {
return;
}

let points = [],
lines = [],
h = (x) => a0 * f(x) + b0 * g(x),
fns = [[f, 'red'],
[g, 'green'],
[h, 'blue']],
fns1 = [],
fns2 = [];

fns
.forEach((o) => {
let [f, color] = o;
for (let x = x1; x <= x2; x += dx) {
let y = f(x);

points.push([x, y, color]);
}
});

fns2
.forEach((o) => {
let [f, color] = o;

for (let x = x1; x <= x2; x += dx0) {
let g = f(x);
lines.push([x1, g(x1), x2, g(x2), color]);
}
});

let xscale = d3.scaleLinear()
.domain([x1, x2])
let yscale = d3.scaleLinear()
.domain([y1, y2])

let xaxis = d3.axisBottom().scale(xscale);
let yaxis = d3.axisLeft().scale(yscale);
div0.innerHTML = '';
let svg = d3.select('#graph0')
.append('svg')
.attr('width', width)
.attr('height', height);

svg.selectAll('line')
.data([[x1, 0, x2, 0], [0, y1, 0, y2]].concat(lines))
.enter()
.append('line')
.attr('x1', (d) => xscale(d[0]))
.attr('y1', (d) => yscale(d[1]))
.attr('x2', (d) => xscale(d[2]))
.attr('y2', (d) => yscale(d[3]))
.attr('stroke', (d) => d[4] || 'black');

svg.selectAll('circle')
.data(points)
.enter()
.append('circle')
.attr('cx', (d) => xscale(d[0]))
.attr('cy', (d) => yscale(d[1]))
.attr('r', r)
.attr('fill', (d) => d[2] || 'green');

svg.append('g')
.attr('transform', translate(0, ${height - padding})) .call(xaxis); svg.append('g') .attr('transform', translate(${padding}, 0))
.call(yaxis);

[fns, fns1, fns2].forEach((fs) => p(fs.join('\n')));
};

inputs.forEach((input) => input.onchange = draw);
btn0.onclick = draw;
btn1.onclick = () => pre0.textContent = '';
draw();